Hazardous and Non Hazardous Waste Management
The management of hazardous and Non hazardous waste requires handling by a company that has the capability to recommend transportation and has been recognized by the Government of Indonesia.
Classification of Hazardous and Non Hazardous Waste
To be able to carry out proper separation and handling of hazardous waste and non hazardous waste, basic knowledge is needed to distinguish how or what kind of waste is said to be hazardous waste or non hazardous waste. The following is a brief explanation of hazardous waste and waste classified as non hazardous waste.
This hazardous waste group, as the name implies, is a hazardous waste material that is flammable, explosive, corrosive, toxic, reactive and causes infection. Waste labeled as hazardous materials are elements or substances, or energy, and other components that have the ability to pollute or even cause damage to the environment, and can also be harmful in terms of human health and normal conditions, even having the ability to cause death to living things such as plants and animals.
As for the grouping of non hazardous waste, it can be defined as waste that is issued or produced by a business activity in the form of waste products or production residue and is certainly not included in the classification of hazardous waste materials.
Management of Hazardous and Non Hazardous Waste
In handling and managing waste both classified as hazardous waste and non hazardous waste, accuracy and capability are required starting from the transportation of hazardous waste, waste management, to processing the waste. In particular, the management of hazardous waste must receive proper and prompt handling so as not to cause damage to the environment, especially soil, water and air.
All hazardous and non hazardous waste will directly or indirectly have an impact on humans.
For example, hazardous waste which includes halogenated solvents such as chlorobenzene and methylene chloride, non-halogenated solvents such as toluene, acetone and nitrolenezim, acids or bases such as sodium hydroxide, sulfuric origin and phosphoric acid and unspecified waste such as used batteries and laboratory waste.
These substances cause damage to the nervous, digestive, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, as well as skin diseases and even death, in addition to having chronic effects that cause cancer-causing effects, mutations in the body. Cells, birth defects and damage to the reproductive system.
Meanwhile, we can take examples of non hazardous waste as follows:
Leftover vegetables that rot and cause odor and if left unchecked can invite diseases carried by flies, worms and so on.
Unprocessed and rotting leftover meat